Country Highlights

Oman & its Economy: Impact of Oil Prices

Oman’s economy is heavily dependent on oil and gas exports, which account for over 70% of total government revenue and around 50% of GDP. This high dependence left Oman vulnerable when oil prices declined sharply from over $100 per barrel in 2014 to around $50 by end of 2018. The drop in prices led to Oman’s first GDP contraction in over a decade in 2017, as budget deficits ballooned to nearly $14 billion by 2018 and government debt rose from 5% to over 50% of GDP in the same period.

In response, Oman launched the Tanfeedh program in 2016 to boost non-oil sectors such as manufacturing, logistics and tourism. It is also prioritizing development of the Duqm region as a trade and industry hub, attracting foreign investment into areas like renewable energy and IT, and privatizing state-owned enterprises. These efforts aim to diversify the economy away from its reliance on hydrocarbons.

More recently, oil prices recovered to over $80 per barrel by late 2018. This supported an economic rebound to an estimated 2% GDP growth in 2018, while also helping shrink the budget deficit to under $7 billion. However, the risks stemming from Oman’s continued dependence on oil and gas persists. Further oil price shocks could again destabilize government finances and tip the economy into recession, unless alternative sectors are further strengthened.

The impact of oil prices on Oman’s economy has been substantial, given the country’s heavy reliance on oil revenues. During the oil boom, Omani government revenues increased significantly, and the decline in international oil prices led to a notable fall in oil revenues. Oil has been a dominant force in the Omani economy, accounting for a large portion of export earnings, government revenues, and gross domestic product (GDP).

The country’s economic development has been heavily dependent on crude oil revenues, and without crude oil exports, economic development would not have been possible. Oman’s overreliance on natural resource exportation, particularly oil and gas, has tied its economy to the fluctuations in global oil prices, making it vulnerable to external shocks.

The impact of oil prices on Oman’s economy is evident in various sectors, and the country’s economic diversification efforts are crucial to reduce its dependence on oil and enhance its resilience to oil price fluctuations.

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Understand the macroeconomic situations that affect the global positioning of countries.

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Understand how the U.S. discrepancy in accordance to their debt creates a havoc. 

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