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Country Highlights

Tajikistan: Business Environment and Regulatory Reforms

Tajikistan has made significant strides in enhancing its business environment through a series of reforms focused on streamlining registration processes, taxation systems, and licensing procedures. These facilitative measures aim to attract investment, promote entrepreneurship, and stimulate economic growth in the country.

One notable reform is the establishment of a one-stop shop for business registration, reducing the time required for registration to just 3 days. This streamlined process simplifies the bureaucratic hurdles faced by entrepreneurs and encourages business formation. Additionally, the implementation of online filing and payment systems for taxes and customs duties has improved efficiency and transparency in financial transactions.

Another key reform initiative is the elimination of minimum capital requirements for business start-ups, removing a significant barrier to entry for aspiring entrepreneurs. By reducing financial burdens on new businesses, Tajikistan aims to foster a more dynamic and competitive business environment that encourages innovation and growth.

Despite these positive developments, challenges persist in areas such as access to credit, skill development, corruption, and bureaucratic red tape. Limited access to credit, characterized by high interest rates around 28%, hampers small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) from making investments and expanding their operations. Addressing this issue is crucial to unlocking the full potential of Tajikistan’s entrepreneurial ecosystem.

Skills shortages, particularly in technical and vocational fields, pose challenges for businesses in terms of hiring qualified personnel and maximizing productivity. Efforts to enhance skill development programs and vocational training initiatives are essential to bridge this gap and support sustainable economic growth.

While progress has been made in simplifying procedures, complex regulations continue to present obstacles for businesses operating in Tajikistan. The government’s commitment to further modernizing commercial laws related to insolvency, contract enforcement, and arbitration is crucial for creating a more conducive environment for business operations.Tajikistan’s goal of improving its ranking in the World Bank’s Ease of Doing Business index to 80 by 2025 demonstrates its commitment to ongoing reforms. Modernizing commercial laws, enhancing connectivity and logistics infrastructure, and promoting public-private partnerships are key focus areas for achieving this objective.

The introduction of a new Tax Code and revised Customs Code in 2021 represents a significant step towards simplifying tax compliance, reducing import duties, and rationalizing customs procedures. These reforms aim to enhance transparency, reduce administrative burdens, and create a more favorable environment for businesses operating in Tajikistan.

Reforming commercial laws related to contract enforcement through the modernization of commercial courts is essential for building investor confidence in the local dispute resolution system. Encouraging public-private partnerships to attract private capital for infrastructure projects can further stimulate economic development and improve service delivery across various sectors.

By successfully implementing these ongoing reforms, Tajikistan can significantly reduce operating costs, mitigate risks for businesses, and create a more conducive environment for sustainable growth and investment in the long term.

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