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Country Highlights

Venezuela: Economic Crisis and Hyperinflation

Venezuela has been mired in a severe economic crisis characterized by hyperinflation, currency devaluations and contracting GDP. By 2022— inflation had reached over 500% annually as the Venezuelan bolivar currency weakened dramatically.

Venezuela’s high inflation levels were attributed to a combination of factors, including heavy reliance on oil exports, inefficient government industries, and governmental corruption. The country’s economic woes were further compounded by political struggles, U.S. sanctions, and a turbulent economy.

Despite some improvement in the economy – with a forecasted growth of 4.5% in 2024 – Venezuela continues to face significant challenges in addressing its hyperinflation and rebuilding its economy. The country’s path to stability and recovery remains uncertain— with the need for economic diversification and revitalization of the oil sector being highlighted as formidable tasks.

Venezuela Economic Crisis has these inflationary spirals stem from excessive money printing to finance large fiscal deficits. Heavy public spending has been a hallmark of Venezuela’s socialist governments over the past two decades. But as oil revenue declined, budgets reliant on petrodollars faltered.

Hence the Venezuela Economic Crisis situation led to widespread food insecurity which is a significant decline in the country’s GDP and a surge in migration as a quarter of the population left the country due to high inflation and low wages.

The resulting currency devaluations and loss of purchasing power have devastated living standards. By 2021— Venezuela’s GDP per capita had fallen over 80% since 2013. Poverty and hunger have skyrocketed with over 70% of households in income poverty.

Shortages of food, medicine and other basic goods are also pervasive due to import controls and limited dollar availability. These scarcities and extreme inflation have sparked an exodus of over 5 million Venezuelan migrants and refugees in recent years.

Reining in inflation is imperative to stabilize the economy. This requires major fiscal reforms and likely dollarization to restore currency and price stability. A more business-friendly environment could also attract investment to spur growth and job creation.

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Understand the macroeconomic situations that affect the global positioning of countries.

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Featured Reports

Understand the macroeconomic situations that affect the global positioning of countries.

Businesses can better understand how chatbots can advocate their vision.

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